Theatre of the oppressed. Created by Augusto Boal in 1971, it comprises a variety of games and techniques that allowed unskilled participants to act and transform their lives, overcoming socio-political oppressions.
The method is implemented in stages. At first, a number of techniques are used to help the participants become aware of their challenging situation. Secondly, the participants are encouraged to analyse the factors which have caused it. Finally, the group acts on what they believe to be a solution to their challenges.
Lecoq Theatre and Physical Theatre. This pedagogy created by Jaques Lecoq in 1956 works with a range of techniques to stimulate the body, imagination and creativity, including neutral mask, dramatic stories, melodrama, Greek chorus, comedia dell’arte, buffoon and clown.
This method encourages group work, since it is believed to improve emotions and feelings. The idea of Lecoq’s pedagogy “is to work in a common voice, is to be at one and at the same time grounded in the truth of a living character, and in touch with a dimension which transcends human reality”.
Community performance is theatre made by, with, and for a community. This approach highlights the process of the creation of a performance, rather than the final product itself. Petra Kuppers, a well-known culture activist, claims that by organising a performance the participants use their body, voice and experiences to develop a collective production. In turn, the performance becomes a close and direct reflection of real life and aims to raise awareness and generate change.
Group dynamics exercises. We use group dynamics exercises to create a safe space where the participants can share their feelings, show respect to others, give advice and contribute to the theatrical work. The aim of this technique is to give voice to everyone and increase group cohesion.